Home Latest News Axon AI ethics board members resign over plans for Taser drones –...

Axon AI ethics board members resign over plans for Taser drones – Protocol

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Nine of the board’s members resigned, after Axon announced now-paused plans to develop Taser drones, despite the board’s opposition.
Axon announced plans to develop Taser drones, before putting those plans on hold.
Nine members of the AI ethics board for police technology company Axon have resigned after the company said it would develop drones equipped with Tasers despite the board’s earlier opposition.
Axon CEO Rick Smith proposed Taser drones as a possible answer to school shootings, even after the majority of Axon’s AI board voted against a plan to pilot Taser drones with law enforcement. “We all feel the desperate need to do something to address our epidemic of mass shootings. But Axon’s proposal to elevate a tech-and-policing response when there are far less harmful alternatives, is not the solution,” the resigning board members wrote in a statement.
Axon did not immediately respond to Protocol’s request for comment. The company said Sunday it was halting plans for the drones. “In light of feedback, we are pausing work on this project and refocusing to further engage with key constituencies to fully explore the best path forward,” Smith said in a statement.

The board members who are resigning include: Wael Abd-Almageed, Miles Brundage, Ryan Calo, Danielle Citron, Rebekah Delsol, Barry Friedman, Chris Harris, Jennifer Lynch and Mecole McBride. That leaves four board members remaining, including two former chiefs of police and one former commissioner of the California Highway Patrol.
Last week, Axon gave its AI ethics board two days’ notice of its intention to publicly announce the development of Taser drones for schools, after the board had spent about a year vetting a proposal to let law enforcement officials pilot the drones. In doing so, the resigning board members wrote, the company “bypassed Axon’s commitment to consult with the company’s own AI Ethics Board.”
In comments to Protocol and in a Reddit AMA last week, Smith said he shared the board’s concerns about the potential misuses of Taser drones, and said he hoped the board members and others would be part of public-facing discussions about how to address those issues. But board members were already contemplating their future with the company, wondering whether their involvement could ultimately have the impact they set out to make. The board had previously convinced Axon not to use facial recognition in its body-worn cameras.

“In the past, we were helpful and listened to and [our] feedback was relevant, and maybe not so much anymore,” UVA law professor Danielle Citron, who is among the resigning board members, told Protocol last week. “Maybe this was a period of time, and it’s not meant to be forever.”
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Issie Lapowsky ( @issielapowsky) is Protocol’s chief correspondent, covering the intersection of technology, politics, and national affairs. She also oversees Protocol’s fellowship program. Previously, she was a senior writer at Wired, where she covered the 2016 election and the Facebook beat in its aftermath. Prior to that, Issie worked as a staff writer for Inc. magazine, writing about small business and entrepreneurship. She has also worked as an on-air contributor for CBS News and taught a graduate-level course at New York University’s Center for Publishing on how tech giants have affected publishing.
TikTok is now routing all of its U.S. user traffic to Oracle’s cloud infrastructure services, in a bid to allay U.S. regulators’ concerns about data integrity on the popular short video app given its Chinese ownership.
The ByteDance-owned TikTok, which has more than a billion users, previously had stored its U.S. user data in its Virginia data center and used its Singapore data center as a backup storage location. TikTok has been working with Oracle for more than a year to better protect its app, systems and the security of its U.S. user data, according to Albert Calamug, a member of TikTok’s U.S. security public policy team.
“We’ve now reached a significant milestone in that work: We’ve changed the default storage location of U.S. user data,” Calamug said in a blog post Friday. “Today, 100% of US user traffic is being routed to Oracle Cloud Infrastructure. We still use our US and Singapore data centers for backup, but as we continue our work we expect to delete US users’ private data from our own data centers and fully pivot to Oracle cloud servers located in the US.”

TikTok is also working with Oracle to develop data management protocols that Oracle will audit and manage to “give users even more peace of mind,” Calamug said.
TikTok recently set up a new department with U.S.-based leadership to solely manage its U.S. user data.
“Together, these changes will enforce additional employee protections, provide more safeguards, and further minimize data transfer outside of the US,” Calamug said. “These are critical steps, but there is more we can do. We know we are among the most scrutinized platforms from a security standpoint, and we aim to remove any doubt about the security of US user data.”
Reuters reported in March that TikTok was close to a deal to store its U.S. user data with Oracle — without its Chinese parent company getting access to it — after a U.S. security panel said ByteDance must divest TikTok amid fears that U.S. data could wind up in the hands of the communist Chinese government. In 2020, President Donald Trump nearly forced a deal between Oracle and TikTok that later fell apart.
Bye-bye, Lighting port. Senate Democrats called on the Commerce Department to implement a common charging port for smartphones.
In a letter to Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, Sens. Elizabeth Warren, Ed Markey and Bernie Sanders asked that the U.S. establish uniform charging accessory standards, arguing that planned obsolescence in consumer electronics causes financial stress and environmental harm. The letter comes on the heels of the EU’s decision to require USB-C charging ports to be standard by 2024 for small- and medium-sized electronic devices sold there. The U.S. letter isn’t specifically requesting USB-C for a standard, but it requests an open-ended “comprehensive strategy” developed by the Commerce Department.
The letter cites the a study from the European Commission, which reports that on average, consumers own around three mobile phone chargers, but 38% of the time can’t charge their device because they don’t have a compatible charger on hand.
“In our increasingly digital society, consumers frequently must pay for new specialized charging equipment and accessories for their different devices,” the letter read. “This is not merely an annoyance; it can be a financial burden.”

The EU’s decision alone will save 11,000 tons of e-waste annually. The letter argues that implementing this strategy in the U.S. could do even more. “When electronics are not disposed of properly, e-waste can spread toxins in water, pollute soil, and degrade the air we breathe,” the letter reads. “This is a global issue, with a lasting impact on our environment and public health. The U.S. government must respond.”
SpaceX employees called Elon Musk’s behavior a “distraction and embarrassment” in an open letter circulated this week. The company is now firing those involved with writing and circulating it, according to The New York Times.
The letter specifically criticized Musk’s tweets as a “de facto public statement by the company.” “It is critical to make clear to our teams and to our potential talent pool that his messaging does not reflect our work, our mission, or our values,” the letter read.
In an email, SpaceX President and COO Gwynne Shotwell said the company investigated and “terminated a number of employees involved” with the letter because it made other employees “feel uncomfortable, intimidated and bullied, and/or angry.” It’s unclear how many people were fired, and a SpaceX spokesperson didn’t return Protocol’s request for comment.
“The letter pressured them to sign onto something that did not reflect their views,” Shotwell wrote in the email. “We have too much critical work to accomplish and no need for this kind of overreaching activism.”

“Blanketing thousands of people across the company with repeated unsolicited emails and asking them to sign letters and fill out unsponsored surveys during the work day is not acceptable,” Shotwell added.
Employees don’t usually criticize Musk’s behavior unless it’s under the condition of anonymity, The Times pointed out. As the letter was passed around, Musk met with Twitter employees for the first time before his $44 billion deal to buy the company takes shape. Twitter employees brought up several concerns about remote work and layoffs — at SpaceX, remote work is going away, and Tesla is laying off 10% of its salaried workforce.
Binance.US is about to announce it has raised more funding in a sign of continued investor interest despite the crypto downturn, CEO Brian Shroder told Protocol.
“In the next month or so, we will announce another close to our round,” Shroder said in an interview on Thursday. “Investors are not scared from investing in us further.”
Binance.US, the American arm of the world’s biggest cryptocurrency exchange, announced in April that it had raised a $200 million seed round, which valued the company at $4.5 billion.
The new funding comes at a time when crypto is joining a broad market slide. Major crypto players like Coinbase and BlockFi recently announced layoffs while offering a more downbeat view of the market.
But Shroder recently urged Binance.US employees to “ignore noise” as he stressed the company’s strength.
“I wanted to basically set the tone that not only is everything fine for us, but we’re actually entering the crypto winter from a position of strength,” he said. “There is no world in which we emerge from this crypto winter not in a stronger position, given all of the things that we have done to enter it fully resourced and growing.”

Binance’s challenges may be more regulatory than financial. The SEC is reportedly looking into the parent company’s issuance of the BNB token, and it has faced inquiries and other setbacks around the world as it has sought legal sanction for its business. More recently, Binance has made progress in winning regulatory approvals, including in France, Italy and Dubai. And the American unit recently left the Blockchain Association in favor of building up its own government-affairs team in Washington.
Elon Musk met with Twitter employees Thursday, and it went exactly how you’d think it would go.
Musk talked about some of the things on employees’ minds, like content moderation, the possibility of layoffs and whether remote work will remain in place if and when the company is purchased. Musk, who arrived 10 minutes late to the meeting, addressed some of those questions and talked about his vision for Twitter. He also talked about aliens.
The meeting was the first time Musk addressed Twitter employees directly since announcing his $44 billion bid to buy the company, and he said he’d be happy to meet with employees again.
Axios, Bloomberg and The New York Times broke down some highlights from the meeting. Here’s what Musk said:
If you’re heavily invested in dogecoin, it’s likely for one of two reasons: You’re either a very-online crypto day trader who is willing to spend money on fun, speculative investments, or you’re a die-hard fan of Elon Musk. Now, an investor is suing Musk and his companies Tesla and SpaceX for claims that he was part of a scheme to pump the value of dogecoin.
The investor, Keith Johnson, is representing a class of people he says were duped into buying the currency after Musk made claims it had legitimate value. The suit seeks a total of $258 billion in damages and would force Musk, Tesla and SpaceX to stop promoting the token.
Dogecoin’s online brand is closely tied to a brand of absurdist, insidery internet culture that thrives on Twitter and Reddit. The same goes for “Technoking” Musk. So when Musk began tweeting about dogecoin, it came as no surprise. DOGE started as a utility-free memecoin, and Musk is often referred to by his online supporters as the “meme king.” Dogecoin’s value peaked at nearly $89 billion last May, shortly before Musk hosted “Saturday Night Live” and joked about the cryptocurrency.

When Musk invested, many of his fans followed suit. When the self-described “dogecoin millionaire” Glauber Contessoto told the Daily how he came to hold over $1 million in DOGE — an investment which has subsequently shrunk to such a low value that he now says he “regrets everything” — he said it was largely because he was inspired by Musk. “Elon does a blast of eight or nine or 10 tweets, back to back to back to back, and … I’m like, this is it. This is the blast-off,” he told the New York Times podcast.
Those tweets weren’t just jokes, the lawsuit alleges, but risky advice to investors. Musk said that dogecoin was more useful for the actual purchasing of goods than bitcoin, and that he was investing in the coin on behalf of his son X Æ A-Xii. He allowed customers to start purchasing some Tesla and SpaceX merchandise with DOGE.
And according to the lawsuit’s plaintiff, these behaviors, combined with tweets and interviews reasserting his confidence in the token, all went too far. “Defendants falsely and deceptively claim that dogecoin is a legitimate investment when it has no value at all,” Johnson said in the complaint.
The case could set a precedent that might have other high-profile figures shaking in their boots. Influential people from Kim Kardashian to Larry David have promoted cryptocurrencies in the last year, and much of the market has tanked.
At noon PT Thursday, dogecoin traded at just over $0.05. At its peak last year, it was worth about $0.69.
Circle is about to issue a second stablecoin, this one pegged to the euro. The euro coin, or EUROC, will become available on June 30, the company announced Thursday.
Circle said that like USDC, the second-biggest stablecoin by market circulation, the euro coin will be “fully-backed by euro-denominated reserves held conservatively in the custody of leading financial institutions” in the U.S. “beginning with Silvergate Bank,” the company said.
“There is clear market demand for a digital currency denominated in euros, the world’s second-most-traded currency after the U.S. dollar,” Circle CEO Jeremy Allaire said in a statement.
The move comes at a time when the crypto market is reeling from a severe downturn. The total value of all cryptocurrencies have shed roughly $2 trillion since late last year with bitcoin falling to around $21,000.
The market was also rocked by the crash of the UST stablecoin. The UST coin used algorithms to dynamically control the supply of tokens in order to maintain a price peg. The two other major stablecoins, USDC and tether, keep monetary reserves to back their pegs.

Stablecoins have been an increasing area of focus for regulators, who are concerned about their potential effects on the stability of financial markets. A recently introduced Senate bill would only allow for asset-backed stablecoins.
Tether is the largest stablecoin with a market circulation of $70 billion, according to CoinMarketCap. USDC is second with a market circulation of about $54 billion. Tether has seen a series of redemptions in the past month, while USDC’s circulation has risen, suggesting that it may be benefiting from the concerns about the quality of competing stablecoins’ backing.
The European Commission’s long awaited Code of Practice is finally here — and it has some giant names attached.
The Code — which was developed by 34 signatories, including Meta, Google, TikTok and Microsoft — is essentially a list of disinformation-fighting practices tech companies can employ if they want to demonstrate they’re at least trying to mitigate risk and stay in compliance with the Digital Services Act in Europe.
“To be credible, the new Code of Practice will be backed up by the DSA — including for heavy dissuasive sanctions,” Thierry Breton, European Commissioner for Internal Market, said in a statement on Thursday. “Very large platforms that repeatedly break the Code and do not carry out risk mitigation measures properly risk fines of up to 6% of their global turnover.”
The list of signatories also includes Twitter, Twitch, Vimeo, Clubhouse, Adobe and a range of civil society, research and fact-checking groups. Notably missing from the list, however, are other tech giants, including Apple and Telegram, which have played a particularly key role in the spread of misinformation around the war in Ukraine. Amazon is also largely missing, with the exception of livestreaming platform Twitch, which the company owns.

Not every company that did sign on has committed to every line item in the code, leading to some ongoing conflict even among signatories. In some cases, that could be because the commitment just isn’t relevant to their business. In others, it could mean tech platforms are picking and choosing the commitments that are the easiest for them to pull off.
Still, the list of companies that have signed up — and what they have signed up for — is significant, and could lead to dramatically more transparency into some of the world’s biggest platforms.
Companies now have a six-month window to implement the code. Here are a few of the biggest promises they’re making:
The Code would increase pressure on platforms to not only cease carrying disinformation but also “avoid the placement of advertising next to Disinformation content or on sources that repeatedly violate these policies.”
The companies committed to creating “dedicated searchable ad repositories” and ensuring that political ads come with a disclaimer and details about how much an ad cost and how long it ran. Meta and Google already offer this, but the Code would encourage even more platforms that want to stay on the right side of the DSA to provide this visibility. (Of course, it could also, alternatively, push some platforms to cut off political ads altogether, as Twitter, LinkedIn and Twitch already do, a move some argue has only made it harder for small campaigns and advocacy groups to get their messages out.)
The Code requires companies to offer researchers “automated access to non-personal, anonymized, aggregated or manifestly made public data.”
“This is potentially huge,” Mathias Vermeulen, director of European data rights agency AWO, said in a tweet. “It could entail the development of a Crowdtangle platform for all these companies.”
“In the words of Joe Biden, ‘it’s a big fucking deal,’ and potentially an inflection point in the history of social media,” tweeted CrowdTangle founder Brandon Silverman, who has become an outspoken advocate for transparency in the tech industry. “But whether that’s true will be determined in all the work that happens from this point on..and there’s a lot.”

Under the Code, “very large platforms” (defined as having more than 45 million average monthly active users in the EU) will have to report every six months on their progress implementing the Code. Other companies will report on an annual basis.
The signatories agreed to work more closely across platforms to compare notes on manipulative user behavior they’re encountering. That’s a potentially meaningful shift, which would give smaller companies operating in Europe the benefit of visibility into what the largest players with the most resources are seeing — and what they’re doing about it.
The hardest part of regulating tech is that innovation often outpaces the law itself. The Code establishes a task force, which will “review and adapt the commitments in view of technological, societal, market and legislative developments.”
A new blog post from Kraken titled “Kraken Culture Explained” has sparked heated discussions on diversity in the workplace. CEO Jesse Powell just doubled down in a Twitter thread claiming that the arguments over culture were stifling Kraken’s productivity. “Most people don’t care and just want to work,” Powell tweeted as part of a long thread, “but they can’t be productive while triggered people keep dragging them in to debates and therapy sessions.”
The message references “The Mission” throughout the post, which states that the main goal of Kraken is to “accelerate the worldwide adoption of cryptocurrency.”
One of Kraken’s 10 “Tentaclemandments” delineated in the post claims that “bitcoin removes politics from money,” while another says that Kraken will “engage in lobbying, as a single-issue donor, supporting controversial politicians and legislation that furthers The Mission, possibly to the detriment of other civil rights causes.”
The seventh “Tentaclemandment” stated that diversity would not exist without diversity of thought and tolerance of diverse thoughts, which then led to an outline of basic principles for communicating, one of which demanded that employees “not call someone’s words toxic, hateful, racist, x-phobic, unhelpful, etc.”

With all the touting of inclusion and diversity of thought in the company’s culture, Powell also maintains that those who disagreed with the culture could quit and opt into a program providing four months of pay if they affirmed that they would never work at Kraken again, according to a New York Times story.

For those who have opted to quit, Kraken will “be rehiring for positions that become vacant as a result of the transition program.”
This isn’t the first time Powell has been the center of a controversy regarding his views on diversity. In April he tweeted, “Do you have to be Asian to leave reviews on @Yelp?” He also reportedly added his views on women’s intelligence in an internal discussion on Slack, where he said that the debate was still unsettled. “Most American ladies have been brainwashed in modern times,” he said.
The problem doesn’t seem to be limited to Kraken. Companies in the fintech industry, like Coinbase, and in other sectors of tech have published similar mission-driven culture statements saying that workplace conversations about social and political issues are not allowed for employees.
Mapbox has just been slapped with a complaint from the National Labor Relations Board that alleges the company’s leadership threatened job loss in retaliation for union organizing and then fired union organizers after the unionization vote failed last summer.
The complaint, reviewed by Protocol, is based on charges filed by the Communication Workers of America, the national union that represented Mapbox leaders in the oft-vicious and failed unionization effort last summer. The Mapbox union effort, while originally supported by about two-thirds of workers when it was first announced in June 2021, failed by a margin of more than 40 votes in August 2021 after the company spent months arguing that the union could hurt future investment and divide the domestic and international workforce.
Current and former Mapbox workers told Protocol this week that the company’s anti-union effort squelched its culture of openness and easy communication, and they blamed the effort for the departure of hundreds of workers in 2021.

The charge from NLRB attorneys asks that union organizers Heather Scott, Trevor Specht and Kara Mahoney be reinstated and given back pay and compensation for damages. The NLRB has little power to impose monetary fines or other damages, but it can usually demand “in-kind” actions from the company as recourse for illegal behavior. The company has until June 28 to reply to the complaint, and a hearing has been set for October 3 if no settlement is reached.
Mapbox did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
DeFi lender Celsius has hired law firm Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld to help keep the company afloat, sources told The Wall Street Journal on Tuesday. The company halted trading and withdrawals earlier this week amid what it called “extreme market conditions.”
The company is discussing multiple options with attorneys, ranging from seeking more investor capital to undergoing a complete financial restructuring. The company promises customers up to 18.63% yield on cryptocurrencies and claims to have approximately 1.7 million users. Though the company markets itself as similar to a bank, it operates more like a hedge fund, holding upwards of $11 billion in assets in May. And Celsius was incredibly successful at consistently producing those returns as cryptocurrencies boomed in 2020 and 2021, leading to an over $10 billion valuation in November.
The company has not only suffered from the cryptocurrency bear market hitting all blockchain projects; it’s also dragged the value of ether down with it. The company held an undisclosed amount of UST, and so was exposed to the Terra collapse. But the bigger hit came when a crypto derivative — Lido Staked ether, or stETH — lost its unofficial one-to-one peg with ETH. The company was relying on the 1-1 ratio for liability purposes while staking ether on the Ethereum Beacon Chain. Ether stored on the Ethereum Beacon Chain cannot be unstaked, so when stETH lost its unofficial peg, Celsius lost considerable liquid assets. When Celsius halted trading, the value of ether slid.

Celsius and Akin Gump did not respond to Protocol’s requests for comment.
The New York bill that would hit pause on crypto mining has new opposition: New York City Mayor Eric Adams, who has previously raised issues with mining even as he’s embraced cryptocurrencies.
The bill in question passed the state legislature earlier this month, but now New York City Mayor Eric Adams intends to ask Gov. Kathy Hochul to veto it, according to reporting by Crain’s New York. He said he wants to protect New York’s role as a leader in crypto, which he characterized as a fledgling industry threatened by lawmakers biased against it.
Crypto mining uses computational processes that keep the blockchain secure, but it’s also incredibly energy-intensive and responsible for substantial greenhouse gas emissions. The bill in question would put a moratorium on new proof-of-work mining, not ban it outright. Otherwise, it would do nothing else to regulate the industry. Despite that, Adams said the state should focus its energy on industry “innovation” and “deadlines.”

“Tell crypto mining [firms] within the next five years, ‘We need to reduce energy costs,’” Adams told Crain’s. “Give us a goal, not bans.”
Again, the bill does not ban crypto mining. It puts a two-year moratorium on renewing or expanding permits for mines that draw electricity from fossil fuel power plants as well as issuing permits for any new mines meeting that description. Advocates of the bill told Crain’s that there are currently 30 crypto mining plants in use in the state, and 29 are available for future permitting.
The fight over the bill comes as upstate New York is swiftly becoming a major hub for mining, including a controversial site on the shores of Seneca Lake that helped kick-start the showdown. In that instance, a crypto operation revived a long-closed coal plant and retrofitted it to run on natural gas. While it sends a small amount of power to the grid, it’s primarily a vehicle for mining bitcoin. Firing up more plants-turned-bitcoin-mines like it could jeopardize New York’s ability to meet its climate goals.
Adams took his first three paychecks in bitcoin, and has been an enthusiastic supporter of the industry since taking office earlier this year. However, he told a joint session of state legislators back in February that he supports “cryptocurrency, not crypto mining” in light of climate-related concerns. It’s a distinction he seems to have left behind, though, with a bill on the governor’s desk.
“It’s frankly shameful to see the mayor of the largest city in the country so nakedly in thrall to crypto cash in the middle of a climate crisis,” Yvonne Taylor, vice president of Seneca Lake Guardian, said in a statement.
Hochul technically has 10 working days after the bill’s June 3 passage to sign or veto it, but governors often bump such decisions until the end of the year. In recent comments to reporters, she suggested that the bill’s fate will be decided in a matter of months, not days.
PayPal is pushing further into the “buy now, pay later” category with a product that will allow customers to use loans to spread larger payments into monthly purchases.
Called Pay Monthly, the new offering from PayPal comes a week after Apple shook up the category by allowing users of its digital wallet to spread purchases over six weeks. The monthly option will allow PayPal users to spread purchases of up to $10,000 over two years, according to a statement from PayPal released on Wednesday.
The payment plans are subject to credit approval, with interest rates that can reach up to 29.99%. The lender for Pay Monthly is WebBank, which also issues PayPal’s line of business loans.
PayPal has for the past two years offered a pay-in-four option, splitting purchases of up to $1,500 into four interest-free payments over six weeks. It also offers PayPal Credit, a line of credit with promotional offers through merchants and a no-interest offer for purchases of $99 or more paid in full in six months.

The company noted in announcing Pay Monthly that it’s offered various credit products through bank partners since 2004. PayPal’s former parent company, eBay Inc., bought Bill Me Later in 2008 and rebranded it as PayPal Credit in 2014.
More than 22 million PayPal customers used its pay-later offering in the past year, according to Greg Lisiewski, vice president of Shopping and Pay Later at PayPal. “How consumers look to pay for larger purchases is evolving and there is a growing demand for flexible payment options,” Lisiewski said in a statement. Lisiewski told Protocol in 2021 that the company was increasing its focus on merchants to compete in the pay-later space.
“Buy now, pay later” companies have struggled in the public markets this year, but that does not appear to be slowing the action in the sector. Payments giant Stripe struck partnerships in the past year with both Affirm and Klarna. Block finalized its purchase in January of Afterpay, an Australian pay-later provider, and is integrating its products with its Square and Cash App offerings.
Net zero is so last year. On Tuesday, power giant NextEra announced it was shooting for “real zero” by 2045, a term it trademarked to mean entirely zeroing out emissions without relying on carbon credits, offsets or capture.
Sure, the move introduces still more jargon into a corporate climate world where “net zero” commitments abound. But it could upstage those commitments, which often use offsets and fuzzy math to allow utilities to keep building out fossil fuel infrastructure while still targeting “decarbonization” on paper.
Alissa Jean Schafer, research and communications manager for the watchdog Energy and Policy Institute, said NextEra’s plan comes as a welcome surprise.
“For years, they have been one of the only utilities to not even set a goal when it comes to decarbonization, so this is great,” she said, though she added that she will have an eye on whether the utility company’s investments going forward match up with the plan.

The move, though, didn’t come completely out of left field. Schafer pointed out that NextEra’s investor calls have featured excited chatter about the affordability of the solar-plus-storage approach for years now. And NextEra is already one of the country’s biggest solar players. Among the utilities under its banner, Florida Power & Light generates nearly 4,000 megawatts.
In its Tuesday announcement, the company said it plans to continue its brisk solar development. It expects FPL to generate 90,000 megawatts of solar power by 2045. More importantly, FPL also plans to expand storage capacity from 500 megawatts today to 50,000 megawatts by midcentury. The utility will keep its existing 3,500 megawatts of nuclear generation capacity up and running as well. (Whether it does so using the Biden administration’s nuclear bailout funds remains to be seen.)
However, the plan’s fine print shows that a complete move away from NextEra’s existing fossil fuel infrastructure may be slow to come. The company plans to keep most of its natural gas plants in operation until converting them to run on green hydrogen in the 2040s. That gives the utility an 18-year runway to leave behind fossil fuels, which is a lot of time to keep polluting infrastructure running.
Other parts of the timeline have some caveats, too. The company’s plan for eliminating all or most of its Scope 1 and 2 emissions by 2045 assumes “there is no incremental cost to customers relative to alternatives, its efforts to do so are supported by cost-effective technology advancements and constructive governmental policies and incentives, and its investments are acceptable to its regulators.”

FPL also helped secretly draft a bill that would’ve cut into Florida rooftop solar incentives, raising questions about the utility’s commitment to decarbonization. (In a surprise move in April, Gov. Ron DeSantis vetoed that bill.)
Tyson Slocum, director of the energy program at the consumer rights advocacy group Public Citizen, said he “applauds” the company for “thumbing their nose at the use of dubious offsets,” given that so many other companies seem to have no problem in doing so to meet their net zero commitments.

“But I think we need to see a lot more in terms of their transition away from their existing natural gas generation and a prominent role for their captive customers to participate in the decarbonization effort,” he said, in reference to the residential consumers who may wish to improve energy efficiency or even install rooftop solar.
Apple has struck a massive sports streaming deal with Major League Soccer to stream every single MLS game for 10 years. Beginning in 2023, a limited number of MLS games will be made available for free via the Apple TV app. Apple will show additional games to Apple TV+ subscribers, and soccer fans will have access to every game via a new, still-unnamed MLS streaming service that will be exclusive to the Apple TV app.
Games will be streamed live and on-demand and will feature announcers speaking both English and Spanish. There will be no local broadcast blackouts, and soccer fans won’t have to authenticate with a pay TV subscription to watch any of the content. “For the first time in the history of sports, fans will be able to access everything from a major professional sports league in one place,” said Apple SVP of Services Eddy Cue.
There’s no word yet on how many games Apple will be making available to Apple TV+ subscribers, or how much it will charge fans willing to pay more for the new streaming service. The two parties also didn’t disclose how much Apple paid for the deal, but Sports Business Journal reported Tuesday that the company committed to a minimum guarantee of $250 million per year; those payments will likely go up if the new streaming service becomes successful.

MLS is still negotiating with TV networks like ESPN and Fox for the TV rights of its games, according to Sports Business Journal.
Coursera released its Global Skills Report on Tuesday, revealing the top skills trends for 2022 and how U.S. learners stack up against learners from around the world. While the U.S. increased its proficiency in more human-focused business skills, proficiency in tech and data science skills dwindled sharply compared with other countries.
The report pulled from Coursera’s more than 100 million global users who took courses on the platform over the past year and specifically looked at proficiency in business, technology and data science. U.S. learners showed higher proficiency in courses like marketing, leadership and management, and strategy and operations.
From 2021 to 2022, proficiency in leadership and management on Coursera increased from 40% to 67%. The sharp increase can be attributed to an increased business focus on mastering more human-focused skills following the disruption caused by the pandemic, according to Coursera. Skills such as resilience, project management, decision-making and storytelling became increasingly popular among U.S. business learners on the platform in the past year.

The most popular human skills related course in the U.S. was The Science of Well-Being, a class focused on helping people learn habits to increase productivity and happiness, Leah Belsky, the chief enterprise officer of Coursera, shared in a comment to Protocol.
“There are a few factors driving this trend including the lingering effects of the pandemic and the constant state of change … This has led many U.S. learners to recognize that it may not be enough to simply have digital skills,” she said. “No matter their jobs, they’ll need human skills to lead and thrive in the new economy.”
While there was a shift toward acquiring more business skills, there was a slump in other areas. The U.S. market fell behind Asia-Pacific, Europe and the Middle East in the tech and data science skills. Tech skills proficiency overall dropped from 69% in 2021 to 43% in 2022, and mastery in data science fell from 73% to 54%. Belsky attributed the slip to a number of factors, including the effect of offshoring more technical roles such as computer programming and the trend in prioritizing more human and business-related skills in the U.S.
One thing the U.S. did achieve was better gender parity on the ed tech site. Overall online enrollment of women in the U.S. reached 51% in the last year. And though more men than women are enrolled in the platform’s STEM courses, women’s participation in such classes increased from 35% in 2019 to 42% in 2022.
So what do these key U.S. insights suggest about the direction of the tech industry? Belsky said we can expect to see the tech skills landscape continue to shift, even as more focus is put on human-centric skills. There’s still a real gap in the technical skills needed for the future of work in the U.S.
“By the middle of this decade, an estimated 85 million jobs may disappear, while another 97 million new ones will take their place,” said Belsky. Learners across the country will have to develop new technical skills to succeed in the workforce of the future.

Move over, gasoline-powered cars. More electric vehicles are set to take the road, and adoption might be even faster than previous analyses have forecasted.
Just one year ago, the consultancy BCG projected that battery electric vehicles would make up 11% of global new light vehicle sales in 2025 and 45% in 2035. Now, the group’s latest analysis found that battery-powered EVs will amount to 20% of global sales by 2025 and 59% in 2035.
They are projected to be the most popular type of light vehicle sold by 2028, three years earlier than they found in 2021. What has happened in a mere 365 days to change the forecast so dramatically? Well, most importantly, regulators have gotten on board with EVs in a big way: Both President Joe Biden and his counterparts in the European Union have set more aggressive goals for cutting greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.

They’ve been helped along by the many automakers that seem to see the writing on the wall, adding EV options across their portfolios with plans to transition more completely in the coming decades.
“As EVs grow in sophistication, it’s getting easier for automakers to market these vehicles on more than simply their environmental merits,” the researchers wrote. And indeed, they noted that the last year has also seen significant shifts in consumer perception of EVs, mirroring the expanded offerings.
These factors have led to a decidedly optimistic outlook when it comes to EV adoption around the world. Gasoline-fueled vehicles are expected to make up just 10% of new vehicle sales globally by 2035, while battery-powered EVs are expected to make up 59%. Fuel cell EVs are not projected to see much of a surge, representing less than 1% of total sales globally. Hybrids — including plug-in, mild and full hybrids — are expected to make up the rest of the balance.
In the U.S., Biden has set a goal for half of all car sales to be EVs by 2030. While battery-powered EVs only made up 3% of the country’s new light vehicle sales in 2021, they are projected to hit nearly 47% in 2030, just a hair off the administration’s target. Those sales could reach 68% in 2035. Sales of hybrid vehicles are expected to swell into 2030 before contracting, as EV sales replace the bulk of gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicle sales.

But the researchers are encouraging the administration to take more aggressive action: “The U.S. will also need to ban sales of new vehicles other than zero-emission ones by 2035—just as Europe is doing—to fulfill its 2050 net-zero pledge,” they wrote.
The report finds that the EU will lead in EV adoption (hitting 93% in 2035), closely followed by the U.S. and China; however, the rest of the world will progress more slowly. Outside of these regions, battery-powered EVs will account for only 35% of light vehicle sales by 2035.
Of course — as is the case in most sectors — these projections are complicated somewhat by the state of the supply chain; EV adoption can only progress as fast as the vehicles can make it off the factory floor. Minerals needed to create the batteries powering most EVs are facing a particular strain, and companies and governments alike will have to “take an innovative approach,” the researchers said, in order to meet rising demand.

Crypto winter has come for Coinbase. The company is laying off 18% of its staff “to ensure we stay healthy during this economic downturn,” CEO Brian Armstrong wrote in a blog post on Tuesday.
The decision is an abrupt about-face. Just weeks ago, Coinbase announced plans to triple its workforce during a first-quarter earnings call, but Armstrong said in his blog post that the company grew too fast. Coinbase expanded its team by about 200% from the start of 2021 to the start of this year. “While we tried our best to get this just right, in this case it is now clear to me that we over-hired,” he said.
He also cited changing economic conditions and the need to manage costs in down markets for the layoffs. Those affected by the cuts will be notified via email. They will receive a minimum of 14 weeks’ severance and an additional two weeks for every year of employment beyond one year; access to the company’s health insurance for four months; and access to Coinbase’s Talent Hub, where laid-off employees can look for new job opportunities.

“To our colleagues who are departing, I want to say thank you for giving everything to this company, and that I am sorry,” Armstrong wrote. “I hope that as we grow again we get a chance to hire you back.”
Despite Coinbase’s rosy first-quarter call, the layoffs were almost a given after a subsequent series of announcements. Coinbase first announced a hiring freeze shortly after its first-quarter earnings call. Then, after assuring incoming hires that they would not be affected by the hiring pause, Coinbase changed its plans once again and took back some offers. Employees started a petition last week in protest of Coinbase’s hiring and firing decisions, but Armstrong criticized them for it.
A waning crypto market is prompting layoffs across the industry. BlockFi has enacted one of the biggest layoffs among the crypto companies with plans to let go 20% of its staff. Crypto.com and Gemini also announced layoffs, while Binance is on a hiring spree. Beyond the layoffs, several crypto platforms have faced challenges as the crypto market tumbles. Over the weekend, crypto lender Celsius stopped all withdrawals and transfers.
On Monday, the Federal Aviation Administration finally gave Elon Musk and SpaceX environmental approval to expand its Starbase South Texas facilities and test the rockets intended for a future mission to Mars. The news came after months of delays and protests from environmental conservation groups.
SpaceX’s facility in Cameron County, Texas is based in a small coastal beach town surrounded by the Lower Rio Grande National Wildlife Refuge. Musk plans for the site to become the central transit hub for regular journeys to Mars, going so far as to suggest the company might incorporate the land where the facility is based as the town of “Starbase.”
The location of the test site for the Starship Super Heavy project has drawn criticism from groups concerned that regular rocket testing and launches will negatively affect populations of rare birds and other species that inhabit the unusual costal wetlands and mudflats that surround the base. Residents of both the town of Boca Chica and the nearby city of Brownsville have also criticized the company’s regular road closures, which limit beach access, and seeming ability to act without the permission of local government, as Protocol reported in 2021.

The approved environmental plan includes about 15 pages listing the mitigations SpaceX must put in place to reduce how the planned testing will affect the surrounding environment and local residents’ daily lives.
Despite the new environmental approval, testing for the Starship Super Heavy rocket project still cannot begin until the FAA gives a final license determination, which will include additional safety and financial considerations.
BlockFi will cut about 20% of its staff, the company’s founders said on Monday. It’s the latest high-profile crypto firm to announce layoffs.
The crypto lending company has been “impacted by the dramatic shift in macroeconomic conditions worldwide,” according to a blog post from co-founders Zac Prince and Flori Marquez. BlockFi is not alone: A swift decline in digital asset values is behind a wave of layoffs at crypto companies, such as Gemini and Crypto.com. Coinbase has frozen hiring and, controversially, rescinded accepted offers from candidates.
BlockFi’s leadership said turmoil in the crypto and equity markets has prompted a desire to “achieve profitability so that we can own our destiny as we navigate what many expect to be an extended global recession.” To that end, the company is cutting marketing spending, dropping “non-critical vendors,” cutting executive pay and slowing head count growth, according to its blog post.
The company’s head count has grown from about 150 at the end of 2020 to 850. BlockFi raised $350 million at a $3 billion valuation in March 2021.

BlockFi in February reached a settlement with the SEC to pay a $100 million penalty for selling its crypto lending product without registering it as a security. The company said it would file with the SEC to register its BlockFi Yield product as a security, something it hailed as a milestone for crypto lending.
The layoffs come one day after another crypto lender, Celsius, stopped all withdrawals, swaps and transfers between accounts, citing market conditions and the need for “stablizing liquidity.” BlockFi sought to ease concerns it could follow a similar path, noting on Twitter Monday morning it has “no exposure to Celsius and we have never worked with them as a partner.”
Microsoft is now legally required to respect worker unionization at Activision Blizzard if the company’s pending acquisition is successful, based on a first-of-its-kind agreement reached between Microsoft and the Communications Workers of America.

The labor neutrality agreement — the first of its ilk among tech companies — outlines the company’s commitment to neutrality and worker privacy during union efforts at Activision Blizzard and also creates a process for speedy arbitration if Microsoft and CWA disagree and can’t reach a resolution. Microsoft also committed to giving employees access to “innovative” ways to choose whether they want to join a union.
The agreement “means that we respect the right of our employees to make informed decisions on their own,” Microsoft President Brad Smith told The Washington Post in an interview on Monday. “It means that we don’t try to put a thumb on the scale to influence or pressure them. We give people the opportunity to exercise their right to choose by voting … it’s something that’s respectful of everyone, more amicable and avoids business disruption.”

Smith said the company did not consult Activision Blizzard about the agreement, though the game publisher was aware that Microsoft was in talks with the CWA. The agreement “covers the large majority of workers at Activision Blizzard,” Smith said.
Most major tech companies have taken the opposite approach as unionization efforts sweep through the industry for the first time in its history. Both Apple and Amazon continue to publicly oppose union efforts among their retail and warehouse workers, respectively.
A small group of quality assurance testers at Activision Blizzard’s Raven studio — which develops Call of Duty games — won a union vote last month (voting 19 in favor and 3 against). On Friday, Activision told the union it recognizes the group and would engage in collective bargaining talks for their first contract. The new union is represented by CWA, which has been organizing workers across the scandal-plagued Activision Blizzard over the last year. If Microsoft becomes the owner of Activision Blizzard, the company will be legally obligated to respect and negotiate with the new Raven union.

Activision Blizzard and the CWA have been embroiled in drawn-out, complicated legal battles before the National Labor Relations Board over the last year. This new agreement should prevent those same fights from recurring when Microsoft is the new owner, assuming the acquisition is successful.
Earlier this month, Smith pledged that all of Microsoft would respect worker unionization efforts (not just at Activision Blizzard), and he cited the Raven union as one of the reasons the company decided to publicly take a stance on unions.
Binance has temporarily paused bitcoin withdrawals in response to a “stuck transaction causing a backlog,” CEO Changpeng Zhao tweeted Monday morning.
Binance is the world’s largest crypto exchange by trading volume, and the pause comes during a rapid sell-off in crypto markets. Zhao initially said, around 8 a.m. EDT, that the issue would be fixed in less than 30 minutes, before clarifying it would likely take longer.
Funds, he added, are “SAFU,” referring to the Secure Asset Fund for Users insurance fund Binance set up for users four years ago. The fund is composed of Binance coin, Binance USD and bitcoin, and was valued at $1 billion in January, though the crypto crash means it’s worth substantially less today.
A blog post from the company published at 9:15 a.m. said the issue was “due to an earlier batch of transactions getting stuck from low transaction fees submitted and hence, resulting in a backlog of Bitcoin network withdrawals. The Binance team is working on a solution to resume Bitcoin network withdrawals soon.”

Withdrawals of bitcoin on other networks remain open, Binance added.
The announcement came amid a steep sell-off in cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin is already down nearly 14% over the past 24 hours, according to CoinMarketCap. Ether’s value has fallen more than 15% in the same period. Most cryptocurrencies beyond the big names like bitcoin and ether have also fallen on hard times recently. Terra notably cratered last month, a collapse that was dire enough to catch the attention of Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen.
Platforms have also had a rough go. Only hours before Binance paused bitcoin transactions, crypto lending company Celsius stopped all withdrawals, swaps and transfers between accounts, citing market conditions and the need for “stabilizing liquidity.” Other trading platforms that allowed crypto trading, such as Robinhood and Coinbase, have also seen their value shrink as crypto crashes.
Crypto lending company Celsius has stopped all withdrawals, swaps and transfers between accounts, citing market conditions as well as the need for “stablizing liquidity.”
“Due to extreme market conditions, today we are announcing that Celsius is pausing all withdrawals, Swap, and transfers between accounts. We are taking this action today to put Celsius in a better position to honor, over time, its withdrawal obligations,” the company said in a blog post.
Celsius has offered high interest rates for customers, in particular for its own Celsius token, CEL. However, the price of the Celsius token has fallen sharply in the past week. The drop in price follows the aftermath of the Terra collapse and turmoil in crypto markets.
“We are working with a singular focus: to protect and preserve assets to meet our obligations to customers. Our ultimate objective is stabilizing liquidity and restoring withdrawals, Swap, and transfers between accounts as quickly as possible. There is a lot of work ahead as we consider various options, this process will take time, and there may be delays,” Celsius said in the blog post.

Meanwhile, another token, staked ethereum on the Lido network, or stETH, has recently depegged from ethereum’s price. Some analysts have said that Celsius’ liquidity could be affected by this since it has staked customers’ ethereum into stETH.
AMD expects to become a chipmaker that banks $40 billion in annual sales in the next three years. In 2021, AMD reported record revenue of $16.4 billion. Let that sink in.
On Thursday, at the company’s first financial state of the union in two years, AMD CEO Lisa Su unpacked how the business plans to achieve the $40 billion revenue target by 2025: in large part, through data center chips. Company-wide, AMD is targeting a $300 billion slice of the overall chip market, and it thinks $125 billion of that target will go to chips that power servers, AI, networking infrastructure and graphics.
“So, what’s happened in the data centers?” Su said. “First, we’ve seen a tremendous increase in cloud demand and everything that’s going on in the data center. We’ve seen a tremendous increase in AI and sort of the demand for AI workloads. We’ve added [total market size] when we think about the networking and telco and other opportunities.”

Underlying the message is a seemingly undeniable reality. The world needs more computing horsepower, and the demand for silicon is only going to get more intense as tools such as AI become commonplace. Inside the Santa Clara, California conference room populated by Wall Street’s sell-side analysts seated in white, leather chairs, AMD executives made the case that the company was going to ride that computing wave.
“We still are underrepresented in the market,” Su said of the data center processor market. According to Mercury Research, in the first quarter of 2022, AMD had 11.6% of the market for x86 data center chips, up from 8.9% last year.
AMD made a big show of its forthcoming data center chips, talking up the performance gains resulting from the company’s (in its own eyes) superior designs. Its partnership with TSMC is part of that success, and AMD must develop its latest designs together with the manufacturer in order to ensure it can take advantage of the latest fabrication techniques to eke the most performance out of each piece of silicon.
Part of AMD’s plans for the data center and AI include its $35 billion acquisition of Xilinx. The addition of the programmable chipmaker added billions of dollars of new sales and new markets in cars, wireless tech and embedded chips used by the military and in health care. But Xilinx also brought technology that will help broaden AMD’s efforts in the data center.
AMD was once a clear second-class citizen next to Intel, and that appears dead. Gone are the days of the disastrous Barcelona server chip rollout and the tumultuous period following its critical decision to get out of the chip-manufacturing business, which in the end served it well. If the company manages to achieve its projections, it will have cemented the decade-long effort by Su to transform the company.
Employees are pushing Coinbase to remove three top leaders over actions “that have led to questionable results,” according to a now-deleted petition that was first published on Mirror.xyz. CEO Brian Armstrong said the public petition with those demands is “really dumb on multiple levels.”
The petition, titled “Operation Revive COIN,” called for Chief Operating Officer Emilie Choi, Chief Product Officer Surojit Chatterjee and Chief People Officer LJ Brock to be fired from Coinbase. Employees listed eight plans they said were carried out under those executives’ direction, including Coinbase’s struggling NFT marketplace; the decision to rescind new job offers; and a since-reversed push to hire for thousands of roles “despite the fact that it is an unsustainable plan and is contrary to the wisdom of the crypto industry.”
Employees also alleged a “generally apathetic and sometimes condescending attitude” from the three executives and wrote that the company has been unable to put out “any higher or better quality products and services” despite hiring more employees.

A screenshot of the petition was posted on Blind, and the original petition from Mirror.xyz was archived on the Wayback Machine. The screenshot indicates that the petition was first posted Thursday evening.
The petition stated that the executives’ actions have hurt employees, company shareholders who have seen Coinbase’s stock fall and the company itself. Coinbase’s “plummeting stock value and bad workplace management led to low morale and the threats of losing top talent,” it said. The employees are asking for the executives to be ousted in a “vote of no confidence.”
“We hope to find people who have had experience in the crypto space and can run such a company more responsibly,” employees wrote in the petition. CEO Brian Armstrong was not mentioned in the petition.
In a series of tweets posted hours after the petition was first posted, Armstrong said the vote of no confidence should be on him and not other executives. “Who do you think is running this company? I was a little offended not to be included :),” he wrote.
Armstrong added that if employees aren’t confident in their leaders, they should quit. He criticized those who publicly shared the petition, saying it harms fellow co-workers, shareholders and customers. “It’s also dumb because if you get caught you will be fired, and it’s just not an effective way to get what you claim to want,” he wrote.
“There is probably lots we can be doing better, but if you’re at a place where you want to leak stuff externally then it’s time for you to go. You’re hurting yourself and those around you,” Armstrong added.
Coinbase has been slowly letting out tough news over the past few weeks. In its first-quarter earnings call, Armstrong stood by plans to triple its workforce, saying Coinbase was “greedy when others are fearful.” But as crypto asset prices continued to tumble and trading volumes fell, the company announced a hiring freeze. At first, Coinbase assured incoming hires that they would not be affected, but plans changed again last week when Coinbase took back some offers, giving those who lost jobs before they even started a month’s worth of severance.

A representative for Coinbase did not answer a request for comment. Chatterjee and Choi did not respond to requests for comment, and Brock could not be reached for comment.

Correction: An earlier version of this story misquoted a tweet. This story was updated on June 10, 2022.

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Deidre Richardson is a tech enthusiast who loves to cover the latest news on smartphones, tablets, and mobile gadgets. A graduate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (B.A, History/Music), you can always find her rocking her Samsung Galaxy Note 3 and LG Nexus 5 on a regular basis.