Australian scientists are keying in on the building blocks behind quantum computing, giving new insight into the design and potential use of quantum computers. The study that was most recently founded, and completed, involved two separate teams working in the same lab at UNSW Australia.

The quantum bits that were created, or “qubits” as they’re referred to within the industry, are considered the building blocks for quantum computers. Quantum computers are essentially super-efficient, and super-accurate machines that can operate on very low error rates, which has obvious benefits.

The application of a supercomputer that has an exceptionally high accuracy rate is something that will have massive benefits in the technology, medical, and science spaces for the most part initially. The research teams designed two types of qubits, which operate on an accuracy above 99%.

Low error rates are said to be the absolute key in making quantum computing a reality for the non-laboratory-world. The two approaches employ two different setups. First, a team led by Andrew Dzurak has discovered a way to create an “artificial atom” qubit in harmony with a device that’s similar to the silicon transistors that are commonly used in consumer electronics.

The second approach Andrea Morello has pushed a “natural” phosphorus atom qubit that has already been pushed to serious extremes. The high accuracy numbers, beg the question, how close are we?

Right now it’s unclear whether these two different types or approaches that the scientists have taken to this point, will be used in competing methods or used in harmony. However, what is known is the fact that it will take thousands, or million qubits to create a quantum computer capable of the type of things they’re going to be expected to do.

The point is that right now, we’re still looking at technology that is significantly out in the future as far as real world application is concerned. However, that’s something that is going to begin getting researched more specifically now as time progresses. The next several years will be very telling on this front, and soon, it could be a reality to see quantum computing occurring in the next decade, or two.