A remote and incredibly deep crater was located in the northern portions of the Yamal Peninsula in Siberia has been dubbed the ‘End of World’ crater for its locations name, but the sight really is something that looks like it belongs in a Sci-Fi movie, instead of actual real-world science. Last week, a group of incredibly brave explorers entered the 54-foot behemoth that made many uncomfortable from the comfort of their own home.
The scientists from the Russian Centre of Arctic Exploration were the individuals brave enough to make this trip, and descent, while temperatures were just 12 degrees Fahrenheit. Many questions surround the site, including how exact it arrived there. Some speculation on the internet has suggested some amusing answers, like blaming aliens, but scientists are optimistic that this could provide the science community with significant information on the Earth, and possibly even explain some of the secrets – as is the one surrounding the Bermuda Triangle.
Scientist’s current best theory is that the eruption of methane hydrates caused the crater itself. The rapid heating and cooling is ultimately what would have brought the ice-like material to the top of the crater, and that the exchange is what ultimately would have created the violent outburst that would have been necessary to create what onlookers see today.
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The lake that is present at the bottom of the crater though may provide the most information and most knowledge regarding the craters beginnings, or perhaps even the Earth’s beginnings. The truth is that this would be some of the oldest material on Earth, and studying this as well as the crater as a whole – and analyzing that data – which will take years – is what will separate fact from fiction. The explorers noted that the lake that is at the bottom of the crater is at least 34 feet deep but that it could potentially be deeper. That though will take additional analysis and additional research.
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At the end of the day, while details are still few and far between, this is one of the best opportunities scientists have had to test such a unique feature. Between the depth, mass, and span it is something that really cannot be compared anywhere in the world.