Home Latest News New Way Invented To Produce Oxygen on Mars for Future Explorers –...

New Way Invented To Produce Oxygen on Mars for Future Explorers – SciTechDaily

By

Astronaut at Mars Base

Researchers have come up with a plasma-based way to produce and separate oxygen within the Martian environment.

if(typeof ez_ad_units!=’undefined’){ez_ad_units.push([[728,90],’scitechdaily_com-box-3′,’ezslot_8′,102,’0′,’0′])};__ez_fad_position(‘div-gpt-ad-scitechdaily_com-box-3-0’);

Converting carbon dioxide into oxygen and producing fuels, fertilizers on the red planet using a <span class=glossaryLink aria-describedby=tt data-cmtooltip="

plasma
Plasma is one of the four fundamental states of matter, along with solid, liquid, and gas. It is an ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons. It was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.

” data-gt-translate-attributes='[{“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”}]’>plasma-based method.

A plasma-based way to produce and separate oxygen within the Martian environment has been devised by an international team of researchers. It’s a complementary approach to <span class=glossaryLink aria-describedby=tt data-cmtooltip="

NASA
Established in 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government that succeeded the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). It is responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. Its vision is &quot;To discover and expand knowledge for the benefit of humanity.&quot; Its core values are &quot;safety, integrity, teamwork, excellence, and inclusion.&quot;

” data-gt-translate-attributes='[{“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”}]’>NASA’s <span class=glossaryLink aria-describedby=tt data-cmtooltip="

Mars
Mars is the second smallest planet in our solar system and the fourth planet from the sun. It is a dusty, cold, desert world with a very thin atmosphere. Iron oxide is prevalent in Mars' surface resulting in its reddish color and its nickname &quot;The Red Planet.&quot; Mars' name comes from the Roman god of war.

” data-gt-translate-attributes='[{“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”}]’>Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment (MOXIE), and it may deliver high rates of molecule production per kilogram of instrumentation sent to space.

if(typeof ez_ad_units!=’undefined’){ez_ad_units.push([[300,250],’scitechdaily_com-medrectangle-3′,’ezslot_2′,110,’0′,’0′])};__ez_fad_position(‘div-gpt-ad-scitechdaily_com-medrectangle-3-0’);

Such a system could play an essential role in the development of life-support systems on Mars. It could also produce the feedstock and base chemicals necessary for processing fuels, building materials, and fertilizers.

try{window._mNHandle.queue.push(function(){window._mNDetails.loadTag(“974871025″,”600×250″,”974871025”);});}
catch(error){}

In the Journal of Applied Physics, from AIP Publishing, the researchers presented a method for harnessing and processing local resources to generate products on Mars. Because the atmosphere is primarily formed by carbon dioxide that can be split to produce oxygen, and its pressure is favorable for plasma ignition, natural conditions on the red planet are nearly ideal for in situ resource utilization by plasmas. The team included scientists from the University of Lisbon, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sorbonne University, Eindhoven University of Technology, and the Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research.

There are two big hurdles that stand in the way of producing oxygen on Mars.

if(typeof ez_ad_units!=’undefined’){ez_ad_units.push([[580,400],’scitechdaily_com-medrectangle-4′,’ezslot_0′,111,’0′,’0′])};__ez_fad_position(‘div-gpt-ad-scitechdaily_com-medrectangle-4-0’);

Carbon Dioxide Plasma

Carbon dioxide plasma created at the Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique in France and used in the research on harnessing and processing local resources to generate products on Mars. Credit: Olivier Guaitella

“First, the decomposition of carbon dioxide molecules to extract oxygen. It’s a very difficult molecule to break,” said author Vasco Guerra, of the University of Lisbon. “Second, the separation of the produced oxygen from a gas mixture that also contains, for example, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. We’re looking at these two steps in a holistic way to solve both challenges at the same time. This is where plasmas can help.”

Plasma, the fourth natural state of matter, contains free charged particles, such as electrons and ions. Electrons are light and easily accelerated up to very high energies with electric fields.

“When bulletlike electrons collide with a carbon dioxide molecule, they can directly decompose it or transfer energy to make it vibrate,” Guerra said. “This energy can be channeled, to a large extent, into carbon dioxide decomposition. Together with our colleagues in France and the Netherlands, we experimentally demonstrated the validity of these theories. Moreover, the heat generated in the plasma is also beneficial for the separation of oxygen.”

if(typeof ez_ad_units!=’undefined’){ez_ad_units.push([[300,250],’scitechdaily_com-box-4′,’ezslot_22′,112,’0′,’0′])};__ez_fad_position(‘div-gpt-ad-scitechdaily_com-box-4-0’);

Oxygen is key to creating a breathable environment, It is also the starting point to produce fuels and fertilizers for future Martian agriculture. Local production of fuels will be required for future missions. All are crucial for future human settlement on Mars.

By dissociating carbon dioxide molecules to produce green fuels and recycle chemicals, the plasma technology may also be helpful in addressing climate change on Earth.

Reference: “Plasmas for in situ resource utilization on Mars: Fuels, life support, and agriculture” by V. Guerra, T. Silva, N. Pinhão, O. Guaitella, C. Guerra-Garcia, F. J. J. Peeters, M. N. Tsampas and M. C. M. van de Sanden, 16 August 2022, Journal of Applied Physics.
DOI: 10.1063/5.0098011

if(typeof ez_ad_units!=’undefined’){ez_ad_units.push([[580,400],’scitechdaily_com-large-mobile-banner-1′,’ezslot_9′,187,’0′,’0′])};__ez_fad_position(‘div-gpt-ad-scitechdaily_com-large-mobile-banner-1-0’);

Researchers have come up with a plasma-based way to produce and separate oxygen within the Martian environment.
Converting carbon dioxide into oxygen and producing fuels, fertilizers on the red planet using a <span class=glossaryLink aria-describedby=tt data-cmtooltip="

plasma
Plasma is one of the four fundamental states of matter, along with solid, liquid, and gas. It is an ionized gas consisting of positive ions and free electrons. It was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.

” data-gt-translate-attributes='[{“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”}]’>plasma-based method.
A plasma-based way to produce and separate oxygen within the Martian environment has been devised by an international team of researchers. It’s a complementary approach to <span class=glossaryLink aria-describedby=tt data-cmtooltip="

NASA
Established in 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government that succeeded the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). It is responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. Its vision is &quot;To discover and expand knowledge for the benefit of humanity.&quot; Its core values are &quot;safety, integrity, teamwork, excellence, and inclusion.&quot;

” data-gt-translate-attributes='[{“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”}]’>NASA’s <span class=glossaryLink aria-describedby=tt data-cmtooltip="

Mars
Mars is the second smallest planet in our solar system and the fourth planet from the sun. It is a dusty, cold, desert world with a very thin atmosphere. Iron oxide is prevalent in Mars' surface resulting in its reddish color and its nickname &quot;The Red Planet.&quot; Mars' name comes from the Roman god of war.

” data-gt-translate-attributes='[{“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”}]’>Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment (MOXIE), and it may deliver high rates of molecule production per kilogram of instrumentation sent to space.
Such a system could play an essential role in the development of life-support systems on Mars. It could also produce the feedstock and base chemicals necessary for processing fuels, building materials, and fertilizers.

try{window._mNHandle.queue.push(function(){window._mNDetails.loadTag(“974871025″,”600×250″,”974871025”);});}
catch(error){}

In the Journal of Applied Physics, from AIP Publishing, the researchers presented a method for harnessing and processing local resources to generate products on Mars. Because the atmosphere is primarily formed by carbon dioxide that can be split to produce oxygen, and its pressure is favorable for plasma ignition, natural conditions on the red planet are nearly ideal for in situ resource utilization by plasmas. The team included scientists from the University of Lisbon, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sorbonne University, Eindhoven University of Technology, and the Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research.
There are two big hurdles that stand in the way of producing oxygen on Mars.
Carbon dioxide plasma created at the Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique in France and used in the research on harnessing and processing local resources to generate products on Mars. Credit: Olivier Guaitella
“First, the decomposition of carbon dioxide molecules to extract oxygen. It’s a very difficult molecule to break,” said author Vasco Guerra, of the University of Lisbon. “Second, the separation of the produced oxygen from a gas mixture that also contains, for example, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. We’re looking at these two steps in a holistic way to solve both challenges at the same time. This is where plasmas can help.”
Plasma, the fourth natural state of matter, contains free charged particles, such as electrons and ions. Electrons are light and easily accelerated up to very high energies with electric fields.
“When bulletlike electrons collide with a carbon dioxide molecule, they can directly decompose it or transfer energy to make it vibrate,” Guerra said. “This energy can be channeled, to a large extent, into carbon dioxide decomposition. Together with our colleagues in France and the Netherlands, we experimentally demonstrated the validity of these theories. Moreover, the heat generated in the plasma is also beneficial for the separation of oxygen.”
Oxygen is key to creating a breathable environment, It is also the starting point to produce fuels and fertilizers for future Martian agriculture. Local production of fuels will be required for future missions. All are crucial for future human settlement on Mars.
By dissociating carbon dioxide molecules to produce green fuels and recycle chemicals, the plasma technology may also be helpful in addressing climate change on Earth.
Reference: “Plasmas for in situ resource utilization on Mars: Fuels, life support, and agriculture” by V. Guerra, T. Silva, N. Pinhão, O. Guaitella, C. Guerra-Garcia, F. J. J. Peeters, M. N. Tsampas and M. C. M. van de Sanden, 16 August 2022, Journal of Applied Physics.
DOI: 10.1063/5.0098011

if(typeof ez_ad_units!=’undefined’){ez_ad_units.push([[580,400],’scitechdaily_com-large-mobile-banner-1′,’ezslot_9′,187,’0′,’0′])};__ez_fad_position(‘div-gpt-ad-scitechdaily_com-large-mobile-banner-1-0’);
Space

NASA’s Perseverance Rover Produces Oxygen on Mars – Key “First” for Human Exploration of the Red Planet

Health

Silk Offers Homemade Solution for COVID-19 Prevention – More Protection Than Cotton Face Masks

Space

MIT Is Going to Mars to Make Oxygen From Martian Air: With Perseverance and a Little MOXIE

Space

NASA’s Mars Perseverance Rover Produces Oxygen on Another Planet for the First Time

Space

Off-Earth Manufacturing: Using Local Resources To Build a New Home on Another World

Space

2021 Was an Amazing Year for NASA: Mars Landing, First Flight, Artemis, More [Video]

Science

Boosting the Efficiency of Electrochemical Carbon Capture and Conversion Systems

Space

Mars Curiosity Rover Sees a Strong Carbon Signature in a Bed of Rocks – Could Indicate Biological Activity

I think long-term Moon & Mars bases would need a tech to recycle air (as tech for recycling water already used by NASA)!
Imagine a device that constantly filters CO2 from air & gives back O2 (& accumulates Carbon powder to be just dumped/discarded) & by using only electricity!
I think it’s a buncha B.S.! Clean up this damn planet with all the trillions of $$$. Trying to Terraform a ball of ice twice as far from the sun is, imo, waste of assets. That money can, for the moment, be used everywhere else.
Sincerly, Oneoftheworld
Oxygen by itself may not be safe to breathe in the long term. Terrestrial air is composed of many gases , with nitrogen being the largest partial pressure. Nitrogen is necessary for normal health.
Before colonizing and polluting another planet we should think about fixing our own…
Yes we should because the lessons learned by teraforming mars about how planetary eco-systems work will provide the answer to how to save the earths bio-sphere bear in mind that mars is humanities second and last chance to get it right.
Then do it on earth! Co2 will be displaced or used. End of climate crisis!
If you can generate Oxygen in Mars, why you cannot do the same in my beloved Earth. Why are you worried about cutting trees.etc.
This article draws a direct line between learning to survive on Mars and benefitting us on earth. Space advancements are bipartisan because pursuing space goals clearly benefits humans on Earth. The return on investment is huge.
It’s good to start planting forests on mars, which can transform the CO2 to Oxygen by photosynthesis. Start planting trees and wait. By the time we are ready for mass migration the planet will be ready and trraformed.
Terroraforming mars is great and all but that should be more of a refuling station. Once the milkkyway and a Andromeda collide being on Mars wont help However it keep our species alive when when the earth turns 2500years old.The next time the 75h or 8th ice age takes over the earth again .ultimately we need to move farther away like Proxima b
Our earth first before Mars OK?€
I suppose the construction of a gigantic solar farm or a thermonuclear battery (like the thorium salt device used in the voyager probe, a larger scale one-that can be constructed underground) in Mars for energy supplies for the plasma based reactors…
It isn’t clear yet that there is any way we can possibly survive on Mars, independent of earth, much less become a thriving colony as a “Plan B” in case we botch things up horribly on Earth (as Elon Musk envisions). Even the simplest attempts at “terraforming” look impossible.
For instance, Dr. Vijay kumar suggests we engage in mass planting of trees on Mars. Temperatures on Mars range from -220 to 70F – with an avg. temp of -81F. There’s no free water on Mars,much less rain falling from the sky. Not just a little: there’s none.
Which trees did you have in mind, Dr. Kumar?
I admire Elon Musk’s intelligence and focus and his ethic, in searching for a way to possible save our species from our propensity for self-destruction. I’m not as well-educated, as smart or as driven as Mr. Musk, but confess his Plan B smacks more of desperation than of confident planning.
Sent Robots!
Much safer and cheaper.
500 robots the same as one human mission, I guess
Email address is optional. If provided, your email will not be published or shared.


document.getElementById(“ak_js_1”).setAttribute(“value”,(new Date()).getTime());
SciTechDaily: Home of the best science and technology news since 1998. Keep up with the latest scitech news via email or social media.

September 13, 2022

Could More of Earth’s Surface Host Life? Jupiter’s Orbit Is Key

Jupiter’s orbit shape plays key role on Earth that has been overlooked. Of all known planets, Earth is as friendly to life as any planet…

Read More

Jupiter’s orbit shape plays key role on Earth that has been overlooked. Of all known planets, Earth is as friendly to life as any planet…
September 13, 2022

A Biodiversity Crisis: Food Webs Worldwide Are Collapsing

September 13, 2022

Setting the Clock on a Supernova – Stellar Explosion Just Hundreds of Years Ago in Earth’s Timeframe

September 12, 2022

Scientists “See” Spinning Quasiparticles in a 2D Magnet

September 12, 2022

New DNA Evidence Rewrites Ancient American History

September 12, 2022

Scientists Link “Cheat Meals” to Eating Disorders

September 12, 2022

Could the “Lost” Islands of Ancient Welsh Folklore Really Have Existed? Scientists Say Yes

September 12, 2022

Skull Bones Restricted the Evolution of Earth’s Earliest Land Animals

Copyright © 1998 – 2022 SciTechDaily. All Rights Reserved.

source

Previous articleHere are 5 reasons why it's time to switch from Android to an iPhone 14 – TechRadar
Next articleSamsung Electronics Wins 42 Awards at the International Design Excellence Awards 2022 – Samsung